If there is one thing organisations all have in common - as soon as the organisation consists of more than one person - it is structure. However, 'structure' may have different interpretations and in the real world it is, in fact, quite difficult to understand the real meaning of it and what its implications are.
Moreover, the unit or team responsible for bidding and organising sports events within a city, region or a country are often part of a larger entity and, as a result, does not always have the resources and freedom to decide its own structure.
As a consequence, some cities tend to undervalue the importance of having a good structure. And as most of them are project based - moving from one event to the next - they often don't have time to think about a structure, evaluate it and optimise it. This results from a focus on projects and less on process.